Many of us know about sir Jagadish chandrabose, a biophysicist, and an early scientist who made a seminal contributions to the field of science, studied his early schooling in Bengali medium which was his mother tongue. As his father knew the importance of mother language in education as it nurtures imagination and intuition in the minds of children.
This is the example of past Indian history about importance of mother language in science education.
What is science?
Science is a systematic study of nature and natural phenomena with different methods such as hypothesis, experimentation and analysis.
Human mind started questioning, analysing its surroundings and perceiving knowledge through senses.
But, before prehistoric times, and early human period, they used to perceive knowledge, but to communicate knowledge through drawings and pictures on the walls of caves where they used to live.
When there was no literary scripts available.
But later, they used to write on leaves as talapatras and so on. Ancient Indian science discoveries were written on talapatras in Sanskrit language. In 13th century, printing press was discovered, the knowledge is transmitting through papers and books in different languages.
Mother tongue :
Mother tongue is the communicative language in the family or a society or a country sincethe birth of people. And it arrives through signals, and the baby starts speaking and communicating naturally.
And, in primary stages of schooling education has to be in mother language as it will create imaginative capacity in children but now a days, in India, entire education is shifted towards English medium, and education became memorizing some concepts in the subject and get percentage.
So, intuition, inquiry and imagination is decreasing day by day.
Why mother language is important in science?
Children will get nurturing from their birth through parents, and others they will communicate with each other in their own language so there will be no problem of low level understanding or misunderstanding of subject.
It is very easy to communicate the subject
Children will have more time to think over the subject as it will take less time to understand.
There will be understanding of topics discussed (along with memorizing)
Very less amount of hard words so that students will easily understand.
There are some challenges in applying this as a classroom may contain different language groups.
But there is an option to conduct classes in English after primary school.
Education in mother tongue will nurture students with high knowledge and understanding. At least, the primary school education should have mother tongue in teaching kids.
For the better scientific and research India
This is the first step
Because every change will start in classroom
N. Sai prashanthi, Osmania university.